Operation Barbarossa - The Invasion of the Soviet Union
The German Invasion of the Soviet Union began on June 22, 1941. It was an attack by an invasion force of three million men, the largest the world had ever known. It began with great German victories over the Red Army during the summer months and ended with a stunning defeat before Moscow in winter. The war in the East, as it became known, became a multi-year, brutal slugfest between two great European powers instead of the quick victory anticipated by the Hitler and the German High Command. The Wehrmacht would ultimately lose the war and it was on the Eastern Front where its fate was sealed.